Sudan is the largest country in
Africa, situated on the north eastern side of the continent at 4 & 21
North Latitude and 21 & 38 East longitude, comprising an area of 2.5
million km2. The Sudan is essentially a country of vast plains, such as
the Amatong in the South and the Red Sea hills in the East. The country
is bordered by nine countries: Egypt and Libya from the North, Chad and
Central Africa from the West, Zaire, Uganda, and Kenya from the South,
Ethiopia and Eritrea from the south east.Sudan enjoys various tourist
resources due to the availability of enormous capabilities. It
considered as one of the richest African countries in wild life, and
Nile natural scenery which encourages tourism investment.The Nile the
longest river in the World (6.671 km) and its tributaries penetrate the
country for about 1.700 km, and constitute the main natural resources
for economic and agricultural development.The capital Khartoum with its
Khartoum International airport is connected by air to practically every
part of the world. Sudan airways fly to the main European cities and
most of the Arabian airlines fly to Khartoum such as Egypt air, Royal
Jordanian, Saudi airlines, Emirates, Qatar airlines, Syrian airlines,
Yemenia, gulf air etc.. in addition to African airlines Ethiopian
airlines, Kenyan airways, also Lufthansa is flying Khartoum several
times a week. The connections within the country are provided by air,
rail, and road services, beside ofcourse the Nile.
The visitor to Sudan is friendly welcome by the Sudanese with smiling
face who are eager to know about the foreigners, he will find a wide
variety of interests ranging from Pyramids, wildlife to archaeology in
addition to folklore and handicrafts.
The Dinder national park (6.475 km2) is one of the
largest in the World. There are lions, Giraffes,
leopards, kudus, bushbuck and antilope etc..
together with several species of birds such as
guinea fowl, vultures, pelicans, stroks,
king-fishers and the beatify crown cranes. High
season (December – April).
The Southern Region is
characterized by green forests, open parkland, water
falls and treeless swamps a bounding with birds and
wild animals and the almost extinct shoebill.
Red Seas, with the transparency of its water, the
variety of its fish and the charm of its marine
gardens and coral reefs, is one of the Sudan’s main
tourist attractions. There are places like the busy
port Sudan, Suakin famous during the ottoman era,
the Arous Tourist Village, at thirty miles north of
Port Sudan. Erkowit at 1.200m above sea
levelsituated in Eastern Sudan, and Jabal (mountain)Marra
more than 3.048 m. situated in western Sudan are two
famous holiday mountain resorts. Erkowit is covered
with evergreen vegetation and on jebel Marra there
are waterfalls and volcanic lakes. It is an area of
outstanding scenic beauty.
areas stretch along the two banks of the river Nile
north of Khartoum to Wadi Halfa. The Monuments of
Bajrawiya, Naqa, Musawarat Es Sufra,
Nuri, Jebel Barkel and Meroe are among the most
fascination ithe whole area.
climate is variable ranging from tropical sub-humid
in the South to the Sahara Arabian climate in the
North. The climate is hot and rainy during April –
October and pleasantly warm from November – March.
The large variation the climate and soil has been
reflected in the rich flora and fauna of the country
and the high diversity of its ecological habitat.
Best time for visiting Sudan October through April.
The officifal language is Arabic which
the language of the majority in addition to the
local dialect. English is widely spoken.
Religion: The majority are of Islamic faith, there
are also Christians and Pagans.
total population is 30.000.000, 80% of them live in
rural areas mainly on the Nile valley and the
capital (Khartoum). People are peace loving and
foreigners must obtain visas from Sudanese Embassis in their respective
countries and as the country is opened from tourism the visa is easy to
The currency is the Sudanese Dinar, currently (2004) US$1 = 260 Dinar
Local time: GMT + 2 hours
Weekly closing day:
Working hours: 08.00 – 14.00 government offices
09.00 – 12.30 Electricity: 220 Volt
Dress: Light Cloths, preferably
Photographers and kinly requested to obtain a free permission
from the tourist office
Registeration of Passport at Passport
Authority: within 3 days of arrival date.
There are a variety of accommodation mainly in
Alsalam Rotana Hotel - Khartoum 5*
Borj Alfatih Hotel - khartoum 5*
hotel 5* - Khartoum
Grand Holliy villa hotel
5* - Khartoum
Regency hotel 4* - Khartoum
Alferdous hotel 4* - Khartoum
3* - Khartoum
Mercure hotel 5* Portsudan
Palace hotel 3* Portsudan
The capital Khartoum, is situated at the confluence of the
Blue and White Niles.
With Omdurman the old
national capital and Khartoum North if forms one
unit called the ‘the Trhree town capital’ it has
a population of about 5,000.000
tourist attrachtions the are the Omdurman Camel
market (on Saturdays) and the handiucrafts Souk
(market) where the visitor could find every item
of local handicrafts from carved ivory and ebony
to reptile skins, silver and gold jewelry too.
One can even find giant ostrich eggs and a rich
variety of handmade straw. Objects, a good
selection of Sudanese handicrafts is to be found
also in several shops in the entre and the
reception halls of most important hotels.
Particulary noteworthy from the historic and
artistic point of view is a visit to the well
organised Sudan National Museum. This museum
contains archaeological treasures dating back to
4.000 B.C. and earlier. A visit to the Khalifa’s
House Museum will reward those who are
interested in Sudan recent history – the
glorious period of the triumph and reign of the
Mahdi (1881 – 1899). In addition to the
Ethnography and Natural History Museum.
trip along the nile or the Dam at Jebel Awliya
where the Nile is especially rich if fish, are
unforgetable experiences, sunset on the river is
a unique spectacle.